Monaco is the most densely populated country in the world (Macau used to be the first place in the world before it became part of China).
It has a population of about 33,000, of which 16,100 are inhabitants of Monte Carlo.
The exceptional thing about Monaco is that the natives are a minority: there are only about 6,000 Monegasque citizens.
The inhabitants are mostly French (28%), followed by Monegasques (21.6%), Italians (19%), English (7.5%), Germans, Swiss and Belgians (2.5% to 3% each), Americans (1%). Fifteen percent are labeled as “other” cities in a diversity of 125 nations. An individual living in Monaco who is not a citizen of Monaco is called “Monegasque”.
The official language is French, but Italian and English are widely spoken. The Monegasque language is spoken by the elderly. It is also taught to teenagers at school.
0-14 years: 15% (men 2,514, women 2,394)
15-64 years old: 62.3% (men 10,047, women 10,312)
65 years and older: 22.7% (men 3,019, women 4,385) (2007 estimate)
Population development rate: 0.386 per cent (2007 estimate)
Birth rate: 9.12 births/1,000 population
Mortality rate: 12.92 deaths/1,000 population
Net migration rate: 7.65 migrants/1,000 inhabitants
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
less than 15 years old: 1.05 man(s)/woman
15-64 years old: 0.974 man(s)/woman
65 years and older: 0.688 man(s)/woman
the total population: 0.912 men/women (2007 estimate)
Infant mortality rate: 5.27 deaths/1,000 live births
The promise of life at birth:
total people: 79.82 years
Male: 75.99 years old
Female: 83.85 years (2007 estimate)
Total fertility rate: 1.75 young people born/woman (2007 estimate)
Religions: Roman Catholic 90%, other 10% (Anglican, Jewish, Orthodox, Buddhist). Religious independence is guaranteed by the constitution.